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Vivasayam In Tamil Pdf Download


Vivasayam In Tamil Pdf Download




Vivasayam is the Tamil word for agriculture, which is one of the oldest and most important occupations of the Tamil people. Agriculture has been practiced in Tamil Nadu since ancient times, and it has influenced the culture, economy, and environment of the region. In this article, we will explore some of the aspects of vivasayam in Tamil Nadu, and how you can download some useful books and resources on this topic in PDF format.


History of Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu




The history of vivasayam in Tamil Nadu can be traced back to the Sangam period (600 BCE - 200 CE), when the Tamil people lived in a well-organized agrarian society. The Sangam literature, which is the oldest surviving Tamil literature, contains many references to vivasayam and its various aspects, such as crops, irrigation, seasons, festivals, pests, and diseases. The Sangam people cultivated a variety of crops, such as rice, millets, sugarcane, cotton, pepper, ginger, turmeric, and sesame. They also practiced animal husbandry, raising cattle, sheep, goats, horses, elephants, and dogs. They used various methods of irrigation, such as tanks, wells, canals, and dams. They also developed a sophisticated system of water management, which involved the construction of anicuts (check dams) across rivers to divert water to agricultural lands. The Sangam people celebrated many festivals related to vivasayam, such as Pongal (harvest festival), Thai Poosam (dedicated to Murugan), Chithirai (new year), and Karthigai (festival of lights). They also worshipped various deities associated with vivasayam, such as Indra (god of rain), Varuna (god of water), Surya (sun god), Agni (fire god), and Bhumi (earth goddess).




Vivasayam In Tamil Pdf Download



Types of Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu




Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu can be classified into two main types: conventional vivasayam and organic vivasayam. Conventional vivasayam is the type of agriculture that uses chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and genetically modified seeds to increase crop yield and quality. This type of vivasayam has been widely adopted in Tamil Nadu since the Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, which aimed to achieve food security and self-sufficiency. However, conventional vivasayam has also caused many negative impacts on the environment and human health, such as soil erosion, water pollution, biodiversity loss, pest resistance, and food contamination.


Organic vivasayam is the type of agriculture that uses natural methods and materials to grow crops without harming the environment or human health. This type of vivasayam follows the principles of sustainability, biodiversity, ecology, and health. Organic vivasayam uses organic manures, composts, bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, and traditional seeds to enhance soil fertility and crop quality. Organic vivasayam also promotes crop rotation, mixed cropping, intercropping, mulching, and agroforestry to conserve water, control weeds, prevent pests, and increase income. Organic vivasayam has been gaining popularity in Tamil Nadu in recent years, as more farmers and consumers are becoming aware of its benefits and challenges.


Books and Resources on Vivasayam in Tamil Pdf




If you are interested in learning more about vivasayam in Tamil Nadu, you can download some useful books and resources on this topic in PDF format from the following links:


  • [Organic Farming and Animal Husbandry Book in PDF Format]: This book contains information on organic farming and animal husbandry in Tamil language. It covers topics such as home gardening, grape cultivation, poultry farming, goat farming, organic fertilizer production, and pest management.



  • [Vivasayam Website]: This website contains articles on various aspects of vivasayam in Tamil language. It covers topics such as traditional seeds, natural medicine, health tips, beauty tips, agriculture technology, and animal husbandry.



  • [Ancient Tamil Agriculture Book in PDF Format]: This book contains information on the history of vivasayam in Tamil Nadu during the Sangam period in Tamil language. It covers topics such as crops, irrigation, seasons, festivals, pests, and diseases.



We hope you found this article on vivasayam in Tamil pdf download useful and informative. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you for your interest in vivasayam in Tamil Nadu. Here are some more topics that you might find useful: Benefits of Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu




Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu has many benefits for the farmers, consumers, and the environment. Some of the benefits are:


  • Economic benefits: Vivasayam can reduce the cost of production and increase the income of the farmers. By using organic and traditional methods, farmers can save money on buying expensive chemical inputs and seeds. They can also sell their produce at a higher price in the market, as there is a growing demand for organic and healthy food. Moreover, vivasayam can create more employment opportunities and rural development, as it involves more labor and local resources.



  • Health benefits: Vivasayam can improve the health and nutrition of the consumers and the farmers. By avoiding chemical inputs and genetically modified seeds, farmers can prevent exposure to harmful substances that can cause various diseases and disorders. Consumers can also enjoy fresh, nutritious, and tasty food that is free from contamination and adulteration. Furthermore, vivasayam can promote food security and food sovereignty, as it ensures the availability and accessibility of diverse and indigenous crops.



  • Environmental benefits: Vivasayam can protect and enhance the environment and natural resources. By using organic and traditional methods, farmers can conserve soil fertility and water quality, as they avoid soil erosion, water pollution, and salinization. They can also preserve biodiversity and ecosystem services, as they maintain crop diversity, genetic diversity, and wildlife habitats. Additionally, vivasayam can mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as it reduces the use of fossil fuels and synthetic fertilizers.



Challenges of Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu




Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu also faces some challenges and constraints that need to be addressed. Some of the challenges are:


  • Lack of awareness: Many farmers and consumers are not aware of the benefits and principles of vivasayam. They are influenced by the propaganda and advertisements of the agrochemical and biotechnology industries, which claim that conventional vivasayam is more productive, profitable, and modern. They are also unaware of the negative impacts and risks of conventional vivasayam on their health and environment.



  • Lack of support: Many farmers and consumers do not receive adequate support and incentives from the government and other institutions to adopt or promote vivasayam. They face difficulties in accessing organic inputs, seeds, markets, certification, training, extension, research, and policy. They also face competition and pressure from the conventional vivasayam sector, which receives more subsidies, loans, insurance, infrastructure, and media coverage.



  • Lack of coordination: Many farmers and consumers do not have effective coordination and collaboration among themselves or with other stakeholders to overcome the challenges of vivasayam. They lack platforms and networks to share their experiences, knowledge, skills, resources, and demands. They also lack representation and participation in decision-making processes that affect their livelihoods and rights.



Solutions for Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu




Vivasayam in Tamil Nadu requires some solutions and strategies to overcome the challenges and realize its potential. Some of the solutions are:


  • Awareness creation: Farmers and consumers need to be educated and informed about the benefits and principles of vivasayam. They need to be exposed to the success stories and best practices of vivasayam in Tamil Nadu and other parts of the world. They also need to be aware of the negative impacts and risks of conventional vivasayam on their health and environment.



  • Support provision: Farmers and consumers need to be supported and encouraged by the government and other institutions to adopt or promote vivasayam. They need to have access to organic inputs, seeds, markets, certification, training, extension, research, and policy. They also need to have protection and compensation from the conventional vivasayam sector, which should be regulated and taxed.



  • Coordination enhancement: Farmers and consumers need to have effective coordination and collaboration among themselves or with other stakeholders to overcome the challenges of vivasayam. They need to have platforms and networks to share their experiences, knowledge, skills, resources, and demands. They also need to have representation and participation in decision-making processes that affect their livelihoods and rights.



We hope you enjoyed reading this article on vivasayam in Tamil pdf download. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to leave a comment below.


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